John Irving (c.1760-1795)

A gifted surgeon, John Irving arrived with the First Fleet and was the first convict emancipated in Australia. He worked at the Convict Hospitals at Parramatta, which were located in the present-day Parramatta Justice Precinct; a heritage site that is commemorated by the Justice Precinct Heritage Courtyard. Irving passed away at Parramatta on 13 September 1795, aged 35, and was buried the following day, 14 September 1795. His grave is unmarked therefore its exact location in the cemetery is unknown.


  • Alternate John Irvine
  • Alternate: John Law

Burial Location

  • Unmarked grave, location unknown, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta


  • Spouse of Second Fleet convict Ann Mash


  • Surgeon


  • Convict Scarborough (1788)
  • Convict Lady Penrhyn (1788)
  • Convict surgeon Lady Penrhyn (1787-1788) – possibly
  • Assistant Surgeon


  • Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet, (Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1989)
  • Parish Burial Records, Textual Records, St. John’s Anglican Church Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.
  • Ron Withington, Dispatched Downunder: Tracing the Resting Places of the First Fleeters, (Woolloomooloo, The Fellowship of First Fleeters, 2013), p.440


# First Fleet

# Convict

# Ship: Scarborough (1788)

# Ship: Lady Penrhyn (1788)

# Burial year: 1795

# Grave: unmarked