Edward Elliott (c.1756-1822)

Edward Elliott was a farmer from Surrey, England and a convict transported for seven years aboard the First Fleet ship Scarborough (1788). Following his emancipation, Elliott went on to become a settler in the region known as The Ponds and, after a slow start, became one of the colony’s most successful sheep farmers. He is one of 17 First Fleeters with memorials buried in St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta.


Names

  • Alternate: William Edward Elliott
  • Alternate: Edward Ellett

Timeline

  • Born: Coulsdon, Surrey, England, c.1756
  • On Trial for burglary: Croydon, Surrey, England, 18 August 1783
  • Sentenced to 7 Years Transportation: Croydon, Surrey Assizes, 18 August 1783
  • Held on prison hulk Ceres: > 18 August 1783-27 February 1787
  • Embarked on First Fleet ship Scarborough: Portsmouth, England, 27 February 1788
  • Sailed with the First Fleet per Scarborough: 13 May 1787
  • Arrived at Botany Bay per Scarborough: 19 January 1788
  • Arrived at Port Jackson per Scarborough: 26 January 1788
  • Received 30-acre land grant: The Ponds, July 1791
  • Began partnership with neighbour Joseph Marshall: July 1791
  • Married Third Fleet convict Ann Smith: St. John’s Church, Parramatta 11 September 1791
  • Called a “slovenly” and “very dilatory” farmer by land surveyor David Burton: 24 February 1792
  • Given an ewe by Governor Arthur Phillip from the Government’s sheep: c.1791
  • Flock of sheep increased to 22: 1796
  • Bequeathed land by Curtis Brand: The Ponds, 1800
  • Sold The Ponds Farm to James Thompson: 1800
  • Purchased 50 acres of land: Northern Boundary, 1800
  • Flock of sheep increased to 120: 1802
  • Moved to an allotment of 96 acres of land: Seven Hills, < 1806
  • Flock of sheep increased to 365: 1806
  • Off Government Stores: 1806
  • Sold Wool to the Factory Above the Gaol at Parramatta: July 1810
  • Died: Parramatta, New South Wales, 21 April 1822, recorded age 70
  • Buried: 31 April 1822, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta

Burial Location

  • Section 1, Row R, No. 2, St. John’s Cemetery, Parramatta

Relationships

Note: Another marriage record for a person recorded as “Edward Elliott” has been discovered. The marriage of Edward Elliott and Elizabeth Hatfield (née Elizabeth Cook), the widow of another First Fleet convict William Hatfield, took place at St. John’s Church, Parramatta on 7 April 1793. “Elizabeth Elliott” (alias Cook, Hatfield) died the following year and was buried at St. John’s Cemetery on 5 June 1794 (see burials for 1794). As this marriage overlaps with that of Edward Elliott and Ann Smith, there must have been a second individual by the name of Edward Elliott in the parish of St. John’s Parramatta by 1793, although the second Edward Elliott has not yet been positively identified.


Occupations

  • Convict
  • Settler
  • Farmer
  • Husbandman

Positions


Edward Elliott: The Husbandman (2017)

By Danielle Thyer

Abstract: Once a sweet-toothed criminal convicted of feloniously stealing items, including gingerbread cakes, and sentenced to seven years transportation to the New South Wales colony, Surrey-born Edward Elliott died near Parramatta in 1822 as one of the colony’s great success stories. As a farmer prior to his conviction, Elliott was able to translate his skills in husbandry to become a thriving sheep farmer and prosperous landowner and secured economic independence not typically afforded to convicts. He is buried at St. John’s Cemetery in Parramatta. more >>


Multimedia


Sources

  • Coulsdon Register, St. John’s (1653–1767), Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1538–1812.
  • Judith Dunn, Parramatta Cemeteries: St. John’s (Parramatta: Parramatta and District Historical Society, 1991)
  • B. H. Fletcher, “Elliott, William Edward (1752-1822),” Australian Dictionary of Biography, Australian National University, published first in hardcopy 1966, accessed online 30 November 2016.
  • Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet, (Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1989).
  • Parish Burial Registers, Textual Records, St. John’s Anglican Church, Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.
  • Parish Marriage Registers, Textual records, St. John’s Anglican Church Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia.
  • Classified Advertising,” Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 – 1842), Saturday 14 July 1810, p.2

Lists

# First Fleet

# Convict

# Hulk: Ceres

# Ship: Scarborough (1788)

# Burial year: 1822

# Grave: marked