Cartagena was a seat of spanish colonial military and economic power. 1741 battle of cartagena de indias.
Discover cartagena de indias a jewel of world heritage cartagena is a city that is located on the shores of the caribbean sea in the northwestern part of the south american continent.
Cartagena de indias history. Cartagena de indias was founded on 1 june 1533 by spanish commander pedro de heredia in the former seat of the indigenous caribbean calamarí village. 1769 el fuerte de san felipe is reinforced and enlarged by. Background to the battle of cartagena de indias cartagena s importance as a military target.
He and the other members of his founding party named their newly founded city cartagena de poniente meaning cartagena in the west. The technological university of bolívar library. Visit cartagena de indias discover its history restaurants and tourist attractions such as the walled city playa blanca and what to do in cartagena.
One of only a handful of ports that held a monopoly on trade the city was a key link in the web of trade between spain and its colonies in the caribbean and south america. There is some debate about why they chose that name. 1767 after the expulsion of the jesuits the san juan de dios hospital is relocated.
Its entrance is more restricted due to secure handling procedure reasons as ancient books require but it can be requested in the academy office in plaza de bolivar 112. Most of heredia s sailors were from cartagena spain a city founded by the phoenicians in 228 bc and also a seaport. Cartagena was founded on june 1 1533 by spaniard pedro de heredia.
Opened in 1903 many of its books date from more than a century before from donations of members and benefactors. History and nightlife beaches and churches and a colorful walled city and colonial architecture make cartegena a living museum perfect for honeymoons family vacations and adult adventures. Some historians from the colonial period claimed that much of heredia s crew was from the city of cartagena in spain.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of cartagena de indias colombia. The history academy of cartagena de indias library. The battle of cartagena de indias took place during the 1739 to 1748 war of jenkins ear between spain and britain the result of long standing commercial tensions the war was primarily fought in the caribbean.
1757 governor of cartagena dictates the closing of bocagrande s channel making a peninsula now called bocagrande. Cartagena also known as cartagena de indias is colombia s fascinating caribbean resort city and one of the country s most popular tourist destinations. No matter your reason for visiting you ll find.
The british tried to capture key spanish ports in the region including porto bello and chagres in panama havana and cartagena de indias in present day colombia.